Gray Pine west of Hillsboro
Oregon locations from oregonflora.org
This rare pine is a medium-sized tree that usually
grows to a height of less than 80 feet (25 meters). It can have a
single straight trunk like most other pines, but branches into several
forks. It is easily recognizable by the large cones that remain on the
Pale gray-green, growing in
bundles of three. They are 6-12 inches long with white
stomatal bands on all sides.
The large cones are heavy and have thick, woody scales. The cones remain on
up to 7 years after they mature.
You can find cones on the ground for many years after they
fall. The edible seeds are the largest of the pines, up to one
bark is dark brown and breaks into irregular furrows on large trees.
it grows: Gray pine is rare in
Oregon, but it grows in several locations, mostly in
Jackson County, northwest of Medford. It commonly grows around
edges of the Central Valley of
pine has long been called digger pine, after a pejorative name for the
Paiute Indians, who collected and ate the seeds. This offensive name is
no longer commonly used in literature describing the tree. The
scientific name, sabiniana,
honors Joseph Sabine, secretary of the Horticultural Society of London. Other common names: Foothills pine, Sabine
pine, grayleaf pine.