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Northwest Conifers

Brewer Spruce – Picea breweriana Speaker

Tree

Brewer Spruce Near O'Brien Oregon

Map

USGS Distribution Map


Needles: Sharp, thin, on long drooping twigs

Cones: 3-6" long with rounded scales

Bark: Brown with gray scales

Where:  Rare in southwest Oregon above 3000 ft.

  

Needles: Attached to drooping twigs. You can identify this spruce by these distinctive long branchlets that can droop to a length of several feet. Brewer Spruce needles are not as thick and not as sharp as other native native spruces. They spread from all sides of the twig like other spruces. Young trees don't show drooping twigs for 10-20 years.

Cones: The cones are generally larger than the cones on Sitka Spruce and Engelmann Spruce. And unlike the cones of these spruces, Brewer Spruce cones have scales with round smooth edges. They look more like Mountain Hemlock cones but are about twice the length.

Bark: The bark is similar to other spruces, redish-brown with thin gray scales. 

Where it grows: This rare and unusual spruce grows only in a few locations in southwest Oregon and northwest California at elevations above 3000 feet.

Location: Several trees near O'Brian, Oregon on Highway 199. Follow Waldo Rd. to Greyback Rd. to 41.988 -123.518. Trees are growing on both sides of the road.

Names: The species is named for American botanist William Henry Brewer, who discovered it. Another common name: Weeping Spruce, describing its drooping twigs, which bring to mind a weeping willow.

Twig

Cone

Bark


© 2012 Ken Denniston