of 5, 2-4" long
Cones: 6-10" long, curved
Bark: Dark gray scaly
Pine has 5
needles per bundle. In northwest Oregon and western Washington, you can
identify it by
counting the needles and noting the elevation. Whitebark
also has 5 needles per
bundle, but usually grows at higher elevations near the
Western White Pine cones
are usually 7 or 8 inches long with a distinctive curve like a banana.
often have a white, sticky
resin on them.
is gray and breaks into rectangular plates on large trees.
Where it grows: Western
White Pine grows
throughout the Cascades and in the Coast Range at elevations of 3000 to
feet in Oregon and down to sea level in northwest Washington.
Elsewhere, it grows in northeast Oregon and northern Idaho. It is
the state tree of Idaho. It also grows in the
Siskiyous and the Sierras, and grows down to sea level in northwest
Although not a
major timber tree, Western White Pine has uses similar to Ponderosa
Pine. It's also used to make wooden
matches. The wood is light, attractive, and easy to work, making it
ideal for wood carving.
Pine was first described and named by David Douglas. Monticola
is Latin for "mountain
dweller." Other common names: Idaho Pine and Mountain Pine.