Common juniper grows as a low spreading shrub in the
Northwest. Growing throughout the northern
hemisphere, it is the most widely distributed conifer in the world. It
can grow to 30 feet (9 meters) in Europe.
shaped, under 1" (2.5 cm), with a broad white band on the upper side. The
needles grow in sets of 3 around the stem.
.3" (7 mm), turning blue with white bloom when ripe. Each cone has 3 scales
and 3 seeds, and they ripen in 3 years. Male and female cones grow on
Bark: Brown, with flaky strips on larger
it grows: In the Northwest, mostly near the
timberline in open, rocky areas.
Uses: Birds eat
berries and distribute the seeds. The berries are mildly toxic but are
used to flavor gin. They also have had various medicinal