Northwest Conifers

Japanese Red Pine – Pinus  densiflora

Japanese Red Pine

Japanese Red Pine at Hoyt Arboretum

Needles:  3-4" long in bundles of 2, dark green

Cones:  2-3" long, egg-shaped with 2-5 attached at branch nodes, remaining closed and attached for several years. Diamond-shaped scales.

Bark: Young bark is red-brown, developing flaky scales on large trunks.


Where it grows: Japan, Korea, northeastern China. It is a common tree in the traditional Japanese garden.

Similar tree: Scots Pine has shorter needles (1-3") and smaller cones (1-2"). Scots Pine needles are often blue-green.

Names: Densiflora is Latin for "dense flower." 



© 2012 Ken Denniston