This juniper, rare in the Pacific Northwest, is often shrub-like is size but can grow to 40 feet (12 meters).
leaves are arranged in opposite pairs. They are green or gray-green,
with no resin dots like those on Western Juniper.
The cones form
small,soft, juicy berries that are blue and coated with a white film.
The bark is
redish-brown. On larger trees, it breaks into flat ridges with long
it grows: Rocky Mountain juniper is not common in the Northwest. It grows in a few mountainous
in central Washington and the northeast coners of Oregon
and Washington. It also grows throughout much of the Rocky Mountains.
Curiously, the junipers growing in the Puget Sound area have
recently been classified as a separate speces based on DNA analysis:
seaside juniper (juniperus maratima.)
Although these junipers live in a very different habitat from the Rocky
Mountain junipers east of the Cascades, they look very similar. The
best way to distinguish them is by location.
several popular cultivars of this species. It is also a popular bonsai
The name scopulorum
refers to "tree growing
in rocky ground."